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《先进制造信息参考》第49期


2019/4/15 13:15:26

工业4.0与智能制造

类型:期刊

标题:Digitalization and innovation driving manufacturing's future

参考译名:数字化和创新驱动着制造业的未来

简介:Manufacturing is in the midst of the fourth industrial revolution--known as Industrie 4.0--and constant plant-floor changes are forcing companies to keep up with the rapid pace or risk getting lost and falling behind. The fourth industrial revolution, also called Industrie 4.0, is underway. It revolves around the rise of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and its ability to connect to seemingly everything, including innovations such as additive manufacturing, collaborative robots, artificial intelligence, and augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR). Industrial revolutions themselves are nothing new, but the pace at which they're occurring is remarkable. The pace of change in ancient societies was on a scale of hundreds or thousands of years. In contrast, the industrial revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries shortened the time span between successive revolutions to less than a hundred years. Depending on the source, the third industrial revolution lasted from 1980 to the Great Recession.

来源:刊名《Control engineering: Covering control, instrumentation, and automation systems worldwide  年:2019,66(1) 8~ 语种:英语 分类号:TP ISSN0010-8049

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37197

 

类型:期刊

标题:The Fourth Industrial Revolution and implications for innovative cluster policies

参考译名:第四次产业革命及其对创新集群政策的启示

简介:The Fourth Industrial Revolution has become a global buzz word since the World Economic Forum (WEF) adopted it as an annual issue in 2016. It is represented by hyper automation and hyper connectivity based on artificial intelligence (AI), big data, robotics, and Internet of things (IoT). AI, big data, and robotics can contribute to developing hyper automation that can increase productivity and intensify industrial production. Particularly, robots using AI can make decision by themselves as human being on complicated processes. Along with the hyper automation, the hyper connectivity increases not only at national, but also global level by using information and communication technologies (ICT). IoT is the core technology to create the hyper connectivity in Cyber Physical System (CPS) that connects technology, nature, and human being. Accordingly, a perfect convergence between ICT and manufacturing can be completed in the Fourth Industrial Revolution era and an extremely efficient flexible production system by spreading IoT in CPS will be established. Under such a condition, innovative clusters must play their traditional roles in cradles of technology innovation and commercialization. It must be difficult challenges for innovative clusters to meet their targets and to be adjusted by the changing new environment at the same time. This paper argues how the Fourth Industrial Revolution can change the global production chain and how core technologies function in industries. Furthermore, it focuses on how innovative clusters have to evolve to respond the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Last, but not least it also analyzes whether or not innovative clusters can play their roles as technology innovation hubs in the real world and CPS in the Fourth Industrial Revolution era.

来源:刊名《AI & society: The journal of human-centered systems and machine intelligence  年:2018,33(3) 433445 总页数:13  ISSN0951-5666

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37196

 

类型:资讯

标题:Middle Market Manufacturers Need to Catch up on Industry 4.0

参考译名:中等市场的制造商需要赶上工业4.0

简介:The window of opportunity for 4.0 is closing fast and manufacturers who don’t invest in 2019 risk falling behind the curve. While 99% of middle market manufacturing executives are moderately familiar with Industry 4.0, only 5% are currently implementing these strategies, according to a study by BDO. A little more than half (54%) are in the process of developing these strategies and 25% are planning to do it but haven’t yet got started.

来源:MH&L 2019/04/02

链接:https://www.mhlnews.com/technology-automation/middle-market-manufacturers-need-catch-industry-40

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:Industrie 4.0 Maturity Index: Managing the Digital Transformation of Companies

参考译名:工业4.0成熟度指数:管理企业的数字化转型

简介:This series comprises reports presenting the results of projects carriedout by the National Academy of Science and Engineering. The studiesare intended to provide informed assessments and future-orientedadvice for policymakers and society.Businesses and policymakers alike recognise the huge opportunitiesfor growth offered by digitalisation, interconnectedness andnew manufacturing technologies. Together, these phenomenaare driving new business models, sustainable and efficient use oflimited resources and the cost-effective production of highly customizableproducts. These developments are collectively referredto under the term “Industrie 4.0”, denoting an unprecedentedtransformation in industry, flexibility and agility

来源:IW

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=36555

 

类型:资讯

标题:PLATTFORM INDUSTRIE 4.0 AND INDUSTRIAL INTERNET CONSORTIUM DEEPEN COLLABORATION

参考译名:德国工业4.0平台(PlattformIndustrie 4.0)与工业互联网联盟(IIC)开展深度合作

简介:The Industrial Internet Consortium? (IIC?), now incorporating OpenFog, and PlattformIndustrie 4.0 today announced that they have deepened their relationship.  The two organizations work together to drive global interoperability and advance the IIoT.  Leaders from each organization will be available to discuss their joint projects at Hannover Messe.

The first of these new joint projects undertaken by the two organizations will focus on security, edge computing, Industrie 4.0 components and digital twin. To demonstrate and validate that the concepts and standards work, we will produce a whitepaper on a common understanding of digital twins as well as set-up joint testbeds. IIC will be in Hall 8, Stand D23 and PlattformIndustrie 4.0 will be in Hall 8, Stand D24.

来源:April 1, 2019 – The Industrial Internet Consortium? (IIC?)

链接:https://www.iiconsortium.org/press-room/04-01-19.htm 

 

类型:资讯

标题:PlattformIndustrie 4.0 presents 2030 vision for shaping digital ecosystems globally

参考译名:PlattformIndustrie 4.0提出塑造全球数字生态系统的2030年愿景

简介:Industrie 4.0 is an integral part of production. Over the past eight years, many factories have been calibrated for flexible and smart production. The transition from linear value creation chains to flexible and globally connected value creation systems is gaining traction. Platform Industrie 4.0 aims to shape the development towards global digital ecosystems. In its 2030 vision, autonomy, interoperability and sustainability are key guidelines.

来源:02/04/2019 - PlattformIndustrie 4.0

链接:https://www.plattform-i40.de/PI40/Redaktion/EN/PressReleases/2019/2019-04-02-vision-presentation.html 

 

数字化设计与制造

类型:期刊

标题:A Review of Progressive and Compound Forming of Bulk Microparts by Using Sheet Metals

参考译名:板料微零件的渐进成形以及复合成形技术综述

简介:In the last decade, the concept of progressive microforming has emerged and developed gradually, which is considered as an efficient and promising method to fabricate the micro-scaled part. Micro-cylinder parts, micro-flanged part, and multi-flanged microparts are representative micro bulk parts by the progressive microforming system using sheet metal. In these cases, many efforts focus on the forming process, such as microblanking and microextrusion. Meanwhile, the quality of the fabricated parts also attracts attention. In this paper, an intensive review on the development of progressive microforming technologies and the formed parts is presented, and the influence of size effect to dimensional accuracy, material flow, geometrical feature, and fracture is also discussed.

来源:【刊名】:MATEC Web of ConferencesEISSN】:2261-236X【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.190

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37198

 

类型:资讯

标题:LIFT Announces New Phase of “Fast Forge” Technology Project Opportunities

参考译名:LIFT宣布“快速锻造”技术项目进入新阶段

简介:Launching Monday, April 1, the “Fast Forge” program at LIFT is designed to solicit exciting new lightweight materials project ideas and put teams together to rapidly develop those new technologies more rapidly than the institute’s larger programs.There are two opportunities of engagement with the new phase of “Fast Forge”:Innovator: This level is designed specifically for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to submit and lead a project, with academic support, to advance their technology.Accelerator: This level is designed for larger companies and organizations to lead a project, with academics and SME partners, to move its technology forward.

来源:LIFT APRIL 1, 2019

链接:https://lift.technology/lift-announces-new-phase-of-fast-forge-technology-project-opportunities/ 

 

类型:会议

标题:Revitalizing American Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing

参考译名:重振美国在先进制造业中的领导地位

简介:On March 26, 2019 a hearing on “Revitalizing American Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing” was held by the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology’s Subcommittees on Research & Technology and Energy. The panel consisted of representatives from the federal agencies, institutes, and members that are part of the Manufacturing USA? network.  Ryan Myers of Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence, Mike Molnar of NIST’s Office of Advanced Manufacturing, Dr. John Hopkins of the Institute for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation (IACMI), ValriLightner of DOE’s Advanced Manufacturing Office, and Dr. Mitchell Dibbs of The Dow Chemical Company, all had the opportunity to share remarks before the panel and answer questions from representatives.

来源:March 27, 2019 Manufacturing USA

链接:https://www.manufacturingusa.com/news/revitalizing-american-leadership-advanced-manufacturing 

 

 汽车工程

类型:期刊

标题:Sensitivity analysis and optimization for occupant safety in automotive frontal crash test

参考译名:汽车正面碰撞试验中乘客安全性分析与优化

简介:Abstract Nowadays, safety is a competitive advantage for automotive products and therefore receives considerable attention by automotive research centers. In this paper, a frontal crash test of sedan product of an under development platform is simulated and occupant head injuries are investigated based on ECE R94 regulation. First, an initial evaluation of the crash behavior of the sedan car is carried out and then airbag, dummy and seat belt are added to the model to study occupant head injuries under crash test. In this study, peak head acceleration and head injury criteria (HIC36) are considered as two output parameters based on ECE R94 regulation. Considering these two output parameters, sensitivity analysis and optimization are performed using Taguchi and analysis of variance (ANOVA) methods. In this way, airbag distance to dummy, trigger time, initial inflator gas temperature and tank pressure are considered as input parameters. Obtained results show that in all computer experiments designed by Taguchi responses values satisfy the requirements of ECE R94. Two different out-of-position conditions are considered by reducing the distance between dummy and airbag relative to the optimum design obtained by Taguchi. The worst case of design and its response values are also predicted using Taguchi. Finally, re-evaluating finite element analyses are performed based on the optimum and the worst cases. The results of these simulations show the validity of approach of this paper.

来源:刊名《Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures》年:2018,15(7)

链接:http://www.scielo.br/pdf/lajss/v15n7/1679-7825-lajss-15-07-e55.pdf

 

类型:资讯

标题:Electric Vehicles Will Revolutionize Transportation Supply Chain

参考译名:电动汽车将彻底改变运输供应链

简介:The supply chain for the entire powertrain will be transformed by the types of components needed and the logistics processes employed to move them. As the internal combustion engine is phased out in favor of alternative propulsion systems, automotive supply chains will undergo a radical transformation, according to new research from Transport Intelligence (Ti).

来源:MH&L 2019/03/27

链接:https://www.mhlnews.com/transportation-distribution/electric-vehicles-will-revolutionize-transportation-supply-chain

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:2019AutonomousVehiclesReadinessIndex

参考译名:毕马威2019自动驾驶成熟度指数报告

简介:近期,知名调研机构毕马威(KPMG)发布了2019年最新的各国自动驾驶成熟度指数报告(2018 Autonomous Vehicles Readiness Index)。 报告衡量了25个国家的对自动驾驶车辆的准备度,并评估各个国家对自动驾驶汽车部署的准备情况。这一指数集合了四大维度的25个单独指标来进行衡量:立法(Policy & Infrastructure Legislation)技术创新(Technology & Innovation)基础建设(Infrastructure)消费观(Consumer Acceptance)。报告中,排名前五的有荷兰、新加坡、挪威、美国和瑞典,中国排名20(排名↓4),巴西依旧垫底。

来源:KPMG

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37201 

 

 

3D打印、增材制造、生物制造

类型:咨询报告

标题:20193D打印和材料调研报告

简介:Dimensional Research(营销研究公司)联合jabil(产品解决方案公司),做了一个《20193D打印和材料现状调研报告》,对所有从事3D打印行业的人士来说,都是一份非常具有指导意义的干货,主要发现有:

3D打印使用的趋势

? 2018年,增材制造的所有应用案例(超越原型制造)都大幅增加。

? 使用3D打印的预期增长率飙升,39%的人预计他们公司在未来2-5年内3D打印的使用会急剧增加,47%的人预计会有所增加。

? 59%的人表示3D打印已经改变了他们思考和做事的方式。

? 61%的受访者正在使用3D打印技术来生产至少10%的功能件或最终用途的零件,而这个数据在去年仅为36%

? 79%的受访者希望他们在未来3-5年内,使用3D打印来制造零件或者商品的量提高一倍。

? 阻碍当今公司在生产中使用3D打印的首要问题是材料问题(56%),其次是劳动力问题(44%)和工艺问题(39%

来源:http://www.nanjixiong.com/thread-133014-1-1.html  https://www.jabil.com/

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37129

 

类型:资讯

标题:3D printed transparent skull lets scientists see how the brain works

参考译名:3D打印的透明头骨让科学家们看到大脑是如何工作的

简介:Researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a unique 3D-printed transparent skull implant for mice as a way to view real-time activity on the brain surface. The device, dubbed See-Shell, could help provide new insight for human brain conditions such as concussions, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.

来源:Apr 3, 2019

链接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190403-3d-printed-transparent-skull-lets-scientists-see-how-the-brain-works.html

 

类型:资讯

标题:3D printed rocket maker Relativity signs contract with Telesat for launching LEO constellation

参考译名:3D打印火箭制造商Relativity公司与Telesat公司签署了发射狮子座卫星的合同

简介:Relativity, the Los Angeles-based manufacturer fo 3D printed rockets, has signed its first public commercial contract with Telesat, the renowned global satellite operator, that allows Relativity to play a role in Telesat’s innovative LEO satellite constellation. Telesat will now have access to faster, more frequent and more flexible launches at the lowest cost using Relativity’s rocket manufacturing platform.

来源:Apr 5, 2019

链接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190405-3d-printed-rocket-maker-relativity-signs-contract-with-telesat-for-launching-leo-constellation.html

 

类型:资讯

标题:Researchers 3D print metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties

参考译名:研究人员3D打印具有独特微波或光学特性的超材料

简介:A team of engineers at Tufts University has developed a series of 3D printed metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties. In one case, they drew inspiration from the compound eye of a moth to create a hemispherical device that can absorb electromagnetic signals from any direction at selected wavelengths. The research was published today in the journal Microsystems & Nanoengineering, published by Springer Nature.

来源:Apr 8, 2019

链接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190408-researchers-3d-print-metamaterials-with-unique-microwave-or-optical-properties.html

 

 

工业互联网

类型:期刊

标题:A Survey on Internet of Things-enabled Real-time Machine Management System in New Zealand

参考译名:新西兰物联网实时设备管理系统调查

简介:Certain types of machine processing create the most value for the factory, comparing with other part of manufacturing process. This means machines are key components creating major profit for factories. In order to collect the real –time data from machines economically, Internet of Things (IoT) enabled real-time machine management platform is introduced. The real-time machine management platform is designed to base on radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. This platform can capture real-time data of raw material, manufacturing machine and workers. In order to make our platform more in line with the characteristics of New Zealand local manufacturing and has more potential commercial value and research value, a survey with a purpose of knowing the status was designed. The results of this survey show some problems of New Zealand local manufacturing enterprises, which are significant for guiding the industry for making full use of cutting-edge technologies to design the machine management platform in the near future.

来源:【刊名】:Procedia CIRPISSN】:2212-8271【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.72

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37202 

 

类型:期刊

标题:Internet of Things: Architecture, Existing Protocol and Security Challenges

参考译名:物联网:架构、现有协议和安全挑战

简介:The Internet of Things (IoT) is part of every of human life, that deals from smart phones and environmental sensors to smart devices used in the industry. IoT is a large distributed network in which billions of devices are interconnected and capable of preprocessing raw data and taking decisions on their own .It is considered to be the largest wave of resolution as it does not require human to machine interaction. However, with rapid growth of IoT, challenges in terms of security have evolved as well. Since IoT consist of three layers perception layer, network layer and application layer. This paper presents an effort to describe the IoT protocol stack and some of the most commonly used protocols and an analysis for various security problems at each layer including the crosslayer heterogeneous integration security issues.

来源:【刊名】:International Journal of Engineering Trends and TechnologyISSN】:2319-3778

EISSN】:2231-5381【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.61 No.1

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37208 

 

类型:期刊

标题:Reliable data gathering in the Internet of Things using artificial bee colony

参考译名:利用人工蜂群在物联网中收集可靠数据

简介:The Internet of Things (IoT) technology enables physical devices to communicate with each other for preparing, gathering, and sharing hazard warnings or critical information without human intervention. With respect to emergency applications of IoT technology, an essential issue is to provide an efficient and robust scheme for data gathering. The proposed solution in the existing approaches is to construct a spanning tree over the IoT devices and collect data using the tree. The shortcoming of these algorithms is that they do not take into account the probability of device mobility or failure. In such cases, the spanning tree is split, and it becomes impossible to deliver critical data to the base station on time. In this paper, we propose a reliable spanning tree construction algorithm, which is called reliable spanning tree construction in IoT (RST-IoT). Our algorithm utilizes the artificial bee colony algorithm to generate proper trees. In this method, hop count distances of the devices from the base station, residual energies of the devices, and their mobility probabilities are considered to measure the appropriateness of the trees. Moreover, the proposed algorithm generates a number of trees instead of a single one. These trees are arranged according to their preferences and used for data gathering in succession. Each tree is employed for data gathering upon splitting the preceding one. The simulation results show that RST-IoT improves the reliability of data gathering in emergency applications compared to the previous approaches.

来源:【刊名】:Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer SciencesISSN】:1300-0632EISSN】:1303-6203【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.26 No.4

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37209 

 

综合情报

类型:咨询报告

标题:NAM Releases Infrastructure Proposal

参考译名: 美国制造业协会发布制造业基础建设建议书

简介:Great nations build and invest in great infrastructure. Too many 21st-century U.S. infrastructure systems depend on 20th-century investments. Now in an alarming state of disrepair and in urgent need of new funding, America’s infrastructure can no longer wait. Families, communities and manufacturers need modern transportation, energy, broadband and water infrastructure to meet the demands of today’s economy. The modern manufacturing economy we are building does not have the kind of infrastructure we need to support our vision for an exceptional America. For generations, manufacturers have risen to the occasion to meet great challenges, to give more Americans a chance to improve their lives and build our nation for the future. Now, it is time again for our leaders to follow our example and strengthen the foundation that makes our work and our daily lives possible: our nation’s infrastructure.

来源:美国制造业协会  2019/04/05

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37195

 

宇航空间结构、特种机器人

类型:期刊

标题:Orbit Design for LUMIO: The Lunar Meteoroid Impacts Observer

参考译名:LUMIO的轨道设计:月球流星体撞击观测器

简介:The Lunar Meteoroid Impacts Observer, or LUMIO, is a space mission concept awarded winner of ESA's SysNova Competition "Lunar CubeSats for Exploration", and as such it is now under consideration for future implementation by the Agency. The space segment foresees a 12U CubeSat, placed at Earth-Moon L2, equipped with an optical instrument, the LUMIO-Cam, which is able to spot the flashes produced by impacts of meteoroids with the lunar surface. In this paper, the work undertaken to design the baseline orbit of LUMIO is documented. The methodology is thoroughly described, both in qualitative and quantitative terms, in support to the mission analysis trade-off activities. The baseline solution is presented with evidence to support the orbit design.

来源:【刊名】:Frontiers in Astronomy and Space SciencesEISSN】:2296-987X【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.5

链接:https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspas.2018.00029

 

类型:资讯

标题:Commerce Department seeks to increase American space industry’s global competitiveness

参考译名:商务部旨在提高美国航天工业的全球竞争力

简介:COLORADO SPRINGS — The Commerce Department wants to improve the standing of the American space industry in an increasingly competitive global market through a combination of regulatory reform and promotional efforts.

Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, giving a keynote address at the 35th Space Symposium here April 9, said the underlying goal of his department’s growing portfolio of space activities is to keep American industry at the forefront of a market that could be worth more than a trillion dollars in two decades.

来源:April 9, 2019

链接:https://spacenews.com/commerce-department-seeks-to-increase-american-space-industrys-global-competitiveness/

 

类型:资讯

标题:Auburn receives $5.2M NASA contract to develop 3D printing techniques to boost rocket performance

参考译名:奥本公司获得美国宇航局520万美元开发3D打印技术的合同,以提高火箭性能

简介:Auburn University’s Samuel Ginn College of Engineering announced that NASA has awarded a three-year, $5.2 million contract to its National Center for Additive Manufacturing Excellence, or NCAME, to develop additive manufacturing processes and techniques to boost liquid rocket engines performance. The contract is the latest expansion of a longstanding public-private partnership between Auburn and NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.

来源:Apr 3, 2019  http://www.3ders.org/

链接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190403-auburn-receives-nasa-contract-to-develop-3d-printing-techniques-to-boost-rocket-performance.html

 

动力系统、燃气轮机

类型:期刊

标题:Design of double curvature radial turbine blades for a micro gas turbine

参考译名:微型燃气轮机双曲率径向涡轮叶片的设计

简介:The paper reports a study on the design of a radial turbine for a portable micro gas turbine engine. A unique design of blades with double curvatures is proposed which demonstrates the considerable advantage in terms of efficiency and power output. The design process largely consists of design, optimization, and analysis of radial turbine closely based on low mass flow rate and high-pressure ratio. The intention of the development is to achieve reductions both in fuel consumption and emissions.

来源:出处:《Applied mathematical modelling》年:2019,67 529548 总页数:20 语种:英语 分类号:O29 ISSN0307-904X

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37199